Content Management System (CMS)
Content Management System (CMS) is a web-based software that is used to create, update, delete, organize, or display any type of content. That can be news, blogs, entertainment, corporate, or e-commerce. CMS helps you to manage the content without having any technical knowledge.
The most important feature of CMS is, any/multiple users can create, update, delete the content at the same time/anytime. CMS also has the ability to assign different permissions to different users as per need. This feature makes the software very powerful to have complete control over their own website.
According to w3techs stat, almost 48% of the global sites use CMS. It shows the power of the content management system. It empowers various small & large businesses, corporate sites, news sites, portals, e-com platforms, etc.
CMS integrates plugins and themes to extend the functionality of the site. Plugins are also known as extensions or modules. It makes CMS very powerful and useful. I would like to share the top 7 popularly known CMS which are used by the number of websites.
WordPress(WP) rule the market as it is used by 28% of all the website. Its CMS market share is 59.1%. It is the most popular and widely used CMS software in the world. WP started its journey as a blogging platform. But, now it is used for almost all kinds of sites like personal, portfolio, portals, e-com, web app, news, etc.
Plugins – WordPress has 50,000+ plugins which make it even more powerful. These many plugins create a big difference between WordPress and other CMS. Various basic functionalities get covered by them.
Easy Installation – WP is easy to install. Many web host provides one-click installation. It means the site gets running in a few mins which are famously known as a 5-minute install.
Support – WordPress helps to solve any kind of issue through its vast developer community and support forum. Even, If you search for any WP query on google, you will get a number of sites that explain solutions in various ways. That’s the beauty of WP.
WP Team – Some credit goes to the WP team also. They constantly come up with security patches, upgraded version with improved and extended functionality. The team provides log also, which helps the developer to understand the changes made in the current version against the previous.
Weak Points –
- Not easy to customize. Will need an expert developer to solve the issue
- Vulnerable to attack in many ways without any security measures
- Various plugins conflict with each other
- Not multilingual like other Joomla, Drupal
Joomla is at second number in terms of popularity and usability. But, it is more powerful than WordPress. It is an award-winning content management system (CMS). Its CMS market share is 6.9%. It need basic technical knowledge to build the site, compare to WordPress.
Multi Language Support – Joomla supports multi language feature. User do not need to install any plugin for it. You just need to go to language manager and add content language. It supports more than 65 languages.
Less Technical – Joomla is not too much technical. Any user with basic technical knowledge can build any kind of site without any guidance.
Easy Installation – Just like WP, Joomla also have one click installation. It is not fast as compare to WP installation. But it does not take more than 10 min either.
Banner Management – Joomla also have one great feature i.e Banner Management. The tool allows you to create clients and campaigns; to set impression numbers; track the clicks and much more.
Support – Joomla also have support forum where you can ask your query. It has an extensive documentation. It also have chat rooms, mailing list.
Weak Points –
- Quality & quantity of themes & plugins is less
- Less customization compare to other CMS
- Various plugins conflict with each other
- Admin panel is not user friendly compare to other CMS
Drupal is third in the competition. Its CMS market share is 4.7%. It is much more powerful than Joomla and WP. But it needs advanced technical knowledge. Non-tech person cant create the site very easily. Although, It is much more flexible to use for developer so we can say it is developer friendly.
Easy Installation – It is also easy to install and does not take more than 10 minutes.
Multi Language Support – It also supports multi language feature. You need to enable content translation modules. Once its enable, you can add languages from configuration section.
Modules – Drupal have 21,000+ modules and 1500+ themes. These modules helps to take site to another level with their extended functionality.
Fully Technical – It is fully technical. Developer must have knowledge to create site in Drupal. It is great feature for tech-savvy people.
Custom HTML – You can add HTML code directly on any page. Drupal has ability to convert the code into non-HTML and display it in well formatted structure.
Weak Points –
- Quality of themes is less
- Need more time to develop a site compare to other CMS
- Need expert developer to solve the issues
Magento is completely different CMS. Its CMS market share is 2.5%. If you ask for best and unique e-commerce platform, it is top of them. It has number of functionality. WordPress, Drupal, Joomla also supports e-commerce feature but they need to integrate specific plugin for that. Magento features two editions. One is FREE and other is PAID.
Community Edition(CE) – It is completely FREE. Those who want to start with lower budget must go with community edition. Its nothing like, it is free version, so it will have less features or something. It covers all the basic functionalities of e-commerce platform.
Enterprise Edition(EE) – Enterprise Edition is quite more featured compare to Community Edition. But it is okay because, Enterprise Edition expenses starts from 15k/yr. It vary according to owner’s spending capacity. This edition takes your business to very new level. You get support from core team of Magento.
Themes & Extensions – It have 1001 themes & 9678 extensions on Magento Connect as on posted date of this article. Some extensions are FREE and some are PAID. Paid extensions are quite costly. It starts from $0.01 to €25,000.
Support & Network – Magento currently used by more than 251,000 shops(websites). It consist of 150,000 developers and 300+ highly-trained solution partners to serve this many shop owners. You can search on google too, you will get a number of sites with desired solutions.
Weak Points –
- Complex folder structure
- Heavy for normal shared hosting. Need specific e-com server or powerful servers
- Need more time to develop a site compare to other e-com CMS
- Non-tech people cant develop sites on their own. Must need expert
- Enterprise Edition is a little bit costly
Blogger was developed by Pyra Labs which were later bought by Google. It was a well-known platform for blogging in its early days. Its current CMS market share is 2.2%. It is absolutely FREE. One thing I appreciate about blogger, i.e, it successfully maintained its status as a blogging platform even though the market got new, much more powerful platforms like WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, etc.
blogspot.com – All the blogs are published on the sub-domain of blogspot.com which is hosted by Google. You can choose a sub-domain of your choice. Google checks for its availability. Once it is available (Ex.”technolizers”), it becomes “technolizers.blogspot.com“. All your blogs will publish here only.
Custom Domain – Blog can be hosted on a custom domain. If you want to start your own blogging website, you can do so. Consider the same word again, “technolizers”. It will become “www.technolizers.com“. All your blogs will publish here.
Multi-Language – You can operate or see your blogs in 60+ different languages. It also supports various local languages of India like Marathi, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati.
Country-Specific – Your blog will be redirected to your country-specific URL. “technolizers.blogspot.com” will redirect to “technolizers.blogspot.in“. “in” stands for “India“.
Limitations – Blogger has limitations on – Number of Blogs, Size of Pages, Account Suspension, Storage Limit of Pictures, Number of Labels, Number of Team Members, etc. Even though it have a limitation, it is more than enough for a personalized blog or SME’s. I mean, what else you can ask for FREE.
Weak Points –
- If you use sub-domain, google owns your blog
- Lesser number of plugins, Templates
- Design Quality of templates is very low compare to other CMS
- If you violate any rule, your blog will get deleted
- Can not use your own hosting
- Lesser control on the URL structure
Shopify is an e-commerce CMS. It is really very easy to use. A non-tech person can also easily set up an online store with the help of a few videos. It covers 1.5% sites of CMS market. It includes all the basic features which is required to build an online shop. Shopify empowers 400,000+ stores and sold items worth $34Billion.
Apps & Themes – Shopify offers 1400+ Apps and 100+ premium Themes. Premium themes provide awesome look & feel whereas Apps make your store more powerful. It extends the functionality of the site.
Support – It offers 24×7 supports through phone calls, email, live chat, etc. It also has documentation. You can discuss your issue on the forum too, where you can get solutions from thousands of users.
14 Days Trial – Shopify provides 14 days free trial. It won’t require a Credit Card. You can experience the functionality of the CMS. If you like it, continue with the paid version. RISK-FREE.
Affiliate Program- It also provides you the opportunity to earn through the affiliate program. You can refer your friend or relative or colleague and earn money for that reference. Clean and Simple.
Plans – It offers various plans from $29/Month – $299/Month. Pricing variations give you the opportunity to choose a plan according to your need. It also have a lite plan of $9/Month. But you can’t build a store in the lite version.
Experts – If you want, you can take the help of an expert provided by Shopify throughout the world. You need to pay for their fair price.
Weak Points –
- Pay monthly for small features(apps) which are freely available in other CMS
- Cant use different hosting
- Higher transaction fees
- A limited number of themes
- Available apps are more expensive
Prestashop is also an e-com CMS. It is open-source and FREE. Its CMS market share is 1.3%. It currently powers 250,000+ stores within 190 countries. It got 366 contributors on GitHub. It is one of the most popular e-com platform, easy to use and customize.
FREE – It is absolutely FREE to use. It does not have any transaction fees or monthly fees like Shopify. As it is open-source, anyone can contribute to the software.
Custom Hosting – The owner can set up store on any hosting of his interest. It’s not like Shopify to compulsory use there own hosting. It helps you adjust your budget.
Easy Admin Panel – Administration panel is easy to use just like Shopify. Non-tech users can also build the store. It comes with lots of in-built features to make customization very easy.
Plugins & Themes – It has its own marketplace where you can go for either FREE or PAID themes and modules as per your need. It has 2600+ Themes and 3300+ Modules to extend the store functionality.
Support – Prestashop includes 1,000,000+ members in community. You can ask any of your issues and you will get proper solutions from experienced users.
Weak Points –
- Modules are expensive compare to other CMS
- Suitable for small and medium-size stores
- Hard to extend functionality. Need to purchase modules for small features
There is nothing to conclude in this article. All the above CMS have different Pro’s & Con’s compare to each other in their respective zone. The user must choose according to his requirement and budget. This article is about popular CMS. We’ll try to come up with non-popular CMS in future posts.
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